Regulatory Compliance

Furniture Stability

ASTM International, a global leader in the development of international voluntary consensus standards, adopted the first furniture stability standard in 2000. It was updated in 2004, 2009, 2014, 2017 and again in 2019.

 ASTM F2057-19, Standard Safety Specification for Clothing Storage Units, is intended to reduce injury and death from accidents involving clothing storage units. Specifically, it covers drawer chests, cabinets, armoires, dressers and bureaus 27 inches high or taller. The F2057-19 standard and the companion F3096-14 standard for tip restraints are available for purchase from ASTM.

 Furniture manufactured in compliance with this stability standard meets three specific criteria: 

 1) It passes TWO stability tests. The first test requires that the clothing storage unit not tip when all doors (if any) are opened 90 degrees and all drawers are opened to the “stop,” or, if there is no “stop,” they must be opened two-thirds of the way. The second test requires that the piece not tip when each drawer is opened individually to the “stop,” and a 50-pound weight is gradually applied to the front of the drawer. For doors, the weight is applied to outer edge of the door.


2) The piece must have a permanent warning label. The label must be attached where it can be seen when the piece is in use. (Most manufacturers choose the inside of a top drawer.) Bedroom furniture that is designed to hold a television – typically called a “media chest” – requires a separate warning label. (See RESOURCES below for downloadable labels.) For exclusive AHFA guidance on media chest warning labels, please click on Label Guidance for Media Chests in the Member Toolbox to the right.

 3) Tip-over restraints must be included with each item of furniture. These must meet the requirements of the tip restraint standard (F3096-14). Instructions for installing the restraints also must be included.

The ASTM Subcommittee on Furniture Safety (F15.42) has jurisdiction over this and three other active ASTM standards for furniture. These include the standard for furniture tip restraints, a standard for horizontal glass used in desks and tables, and a standard for cedar chests.

AHFA urges all manufacturers to comply with the ASTM F2057-19 voluntary stability standard for clothing storage furniture.

In February 2019, CPSC Deputy Executive Director DeWane Ray issued a statement to the U.S. residential furniture industry advising companies not to manufacture, import, distribute or sell clothing storage furniture that does not comply with the requirements of ASTM F2057-19.

Ray further advised the industry that clothing storage units failing to comply with ASTM F2057 will be regarded by CPSC “as having a defect which could present a substantial product hazard.” Under Section 15(b) of the Consumer Product Safety Act, manufacturers, importers and retailers who fail to report noncompliant products could face both civil and criminal penalties.

To help retailers easily identify showrooms carrying bedroom furniture that complies with ASTM F2057-19, AHFA created a “WE COMPLY” tent card for display in market showrooms.

Click HERE to order updated “WE COMPLY” tent cards to display in your showroom during High Point and/or Las Vegas furniture markets.

To further assist residential furniture manufacturers in their stability standard compliance efforts and to help consumers easily identify compliant products, AHFA worked with UL to introduce the Stability Verified program in 2019. 

Online and in stores, the UL Stability Verified Mark means a piece of furniture meets stability requirements within the current voluntary standard.

The UL Stability Verified program provides a scientific, third-party confirmation that a company has the equipment, personnel and procedures in place to accurately conduct stability testing. In addition, UL reviews the company’s product test data and establishes that its furniture is eligible to carry the Product Stability Verified mark.  UL repeats stability testing on sample units at the factory to confirm ongoing compliance.

The mark consists of the words “PRODUCT STABILITY VERIFIED” along with the UL logo, a unique identification number assigned to the participating company, and the UL Verify web address, The mark may be applied to a hangtag, to packaging, or to a label adhered to the product itself.  Participants also are urged to include the mark and an explanation of its meaning within product descriptions on their website.

Consumers can search the UL Verify website by manufacturer name or by the manufacturer’s identification number to confirm that a product meets the stability requirements of the safety standard.  For more information on Stability Verified, contact Michael O’Hara.

Additional furniture stability resources are provided below.


Printers for F2057 Warning Labels:

B. Walter & Company
Contact: Paul Goyette

Ward/Kraft, Inc.
Contact: Ray Russell

Wright Global Graphics Solutions
Contact: Kim Cobb


Tip Restraints:

B. Walter & Company
Contact: Paul Goyette

Hangman Products
Contact: Sheila Gallien



Product Instability or Tip-Over Injuries and Fatalities Associated with Televisions, Furniture and Appliances
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
2020 Report

Understanding CPSC Data on Clothes Storage Unit (CSU) Tip-Overs Involving Children
Adam Suchy, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
October 24, 2018

Product Instability or Tip-Over Injuries and Fatalities Associated with Televisions, Furniture and Appliances
October 2018

Advanced Notice of Rulemaking Regarding Clothing Storage Unit Tip Overs
November 21, 2017

In-Depth Analysis of Nonfatal Injuries from TVs Falling Off Furniture
March 2017



Help For Consumers

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission has launched an “Anchor It!” campaign to educate parents and child caregivers about simple steps they can take to help prevent possible television and furniture tip-over accidents.